Peanuts

Insect pest risk

High risk Moderate risk Low risk
Helicoverpa
Early crops in a district at greater risk. Use of non-selective sprays in the vegetative stage can flare helicoverpa and mites.  
Etiella
Dryland crops in dry summers, especially if there is an end of season drought with conditions favouring aflatoxin. Irrigated peanuts with access to late season irrigation
Peanut scarabs (mostly found in krasnozem and euchrozem soils)
Crops following peanuts in the previous year, and with a peanut scarab history. Paddocks in sugar cane areas with cane grub history, especially in North Qld Crops planted adjacent to paddocks planted with peanuts in the previous year, and with a peanut scarab history.
White-fringed weevil (WFW)
Crops following a previous WFW host, e.g. potatoes in NQ, or lucerne and chickpeas in other regions Crops close to lucerne are at risk from weevils walking from that crop
Monolepta (redshouldered leaf beetle)
Proximity to sugar cane & horticultural hosts of this pest   Atherton Tablelands region at greatest risk
Silverleaf whitefly (SLW)
Crops planted close to earlier maturing SLW hosts, especially cotton and cucurbits. High SLW populations can infest less preferred hosts. Using non-selective chemicals in the vegetative stages may flare SLW
Two-spotted and peanut mites
Spraying non selective insecticides in the vegetative stages, may flare two-spotted mites Increased risk of peanut mite infestations in drier years.
Lucerne leaf hopper
Cutting of lucerne hay crops in close proximity to peanuts Stressed peanut crops

Pest incidence

Pest Crop stage

Emergence

Vegetative

Flowering

Pegging

Podfill

White fringe weevil Damaging Present Present
False wireworm Damaging
Cutworms Damaging Damaging Present
Whitegrubs Damaging Damaging
Armyworms Damaging
Thrips Damaging Damaging Present
Mirids Damaging
Leaf hoppers Damaging Damaging Damaging Present
Helicoverpa Damaging Damaging Damaging Present
Mites Damaging Damaging Damaging
Silverleaf whitefly Damaging Damaging Damaging Present
Cluster caterpillar Damaging Damaging Damaging
Etiella Damaging

 

Present Present in crop but gen­er­ally not dam­ag­ing
Dam­ag­ing Crop sus­cep­ti­ble to dam­age and loss

Key IPM considerations for peanuts

  • Peanuts are most susceptible to insect pests from flowering onwards.
  • Peanuts can tolerate higher pest activity because it is indeterminate.
  • In drought years, etiella is a major problem in dryland crops.
  • Western flower thrips (WFT) are a potential threat to peanuts, mainly because they transmit tobacco spotted wilt virus (TSWV).
  • Peanuts can compensate for early damage by setting new buds and pods to replace those damaged by pests.
  • Excessive early damage can delay harvest.
  • Mites can become a problem in late crops in some regions, particularly where there is widespread use of non-selective pesticides. Two-spotted mite in peanuts can be controlled by the release of mass produced predatory mites.

Further information