The southern region encompasses south-eastern Australia, which includes Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia.
The south has a diverse suite of soils. While it’s generally low fertility with many subsoil constraints, such as salinity, sodicity and toxic levels of some elements, there are also some areas with very productive soils. Yield potential depends on seasonal rainfall, especially in autumn and spring, and there is less dependence on stored soil moisture than in the northern region.
Crop production systems are varied and include many mixed farming enterprises with significant livestock and cropping activities.
- relatively infertile soils
- temperate climate
- yield depends on reliable spring rainfall
- smaller enterprise size and diverse production patterns and opportunities
- innovative phase farming with perennials
- shift toward intensive livestock production and demand for feed grains
- large and diverse domestic market.